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托福写作:掌握这4个技巧,托福可得高分

发布时间:2018年03月22日来源:转载作者:施强留学编辑:施强留学我要提问

本文标签:托福 阅读 听力 作文 考试

托福写作考试分为2个部分:独立写作和综合写作。其中让考生最为头疼的可能要数综合写作了,因为这个部分结合了听力、阅读和写作3个部分内容。那么托福综合写作如何得高分呢?认为4个技巧可以助力你得高分。
很多初次接触托福考试的学生总是非常担心写作的综合写作部分,也就是我们说的小作文。他们常提出这样的疑问:“怎么考得这么变态啊?读了又听再写!”其实大家完全不必为此如此焦虑,等看完下面的文章,读完下面的四大必杀技,我相信你一定会豁然开朗!


技巧一:summarize,也就是概括阅读和听力文章的主要内容和各三个分论点。这其实就是Introduction要写的内容,掌握了概括,第一段就不成问题咯!
技巧二:Paraphrase,也就是改写。掌握好了改写句子,你写起文章来将会感觉到如鱼得水,游刃有余。
改写其实主要有下面的两种方法:
第一,使用不同的词汇
a.使用同义词,比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。
important→essential, crucial, vital, significant,
think→claim, believe, consider, deem, figure out
nowadays→currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years,these days
b.改变词性,这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。
n. → v.
Eg:When we look at a comparison between Aand B…
When we compare A and B…
Adj. → n.
There are a variety of solutions to the problem.
There are various solutions to the problem.
c.使用不同的承接词。承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。
because of → due to, owing to, because, as, since, for
but → however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas
so→ therefore, hence, thus, consequently
d.形容词的逆向表达。在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。
Eg: not as easyas…→more difficult than…
Not uncommon→common
Thecheapest → the least expensive
第二,使用不同的句型
a.改变词序。这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。
Eg: For manyyears, people have believed ….
→People believed… for many years.
After this programs has been solved, work on … can continue.
b.主动语态和被动语态的互相替换Eg: Trained scientists performed this research.
→This research was performed by trained scientists.
c.使用“there be”句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。Eg: Severalcomputer programs can be used to solve this problem.
→There areseveral computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.或There areseveral computer programs used to solve this problem.
d.定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换
Eg: Study…, conducted by sociologists in 2004,shows that…
→Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004,shows that…
Eg: This…, which is one of the m
most powerful … in theworld, has…
→This…, one of the most powerful… in the world, has…
技巧三:Cite,即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。
a.According to+noun.
Eg: According to thepassage/lecture/author/professor,…
b.Subject+verbs of reporting+that clause
Eg: The authortells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/pointsout/thinks/believes that…
或The speakeragrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view….
c. As is indicated/displayed/illustrated in thepassage/lecture,...
技巧四:Synthesize,也就是连接。具体来讲,就是承接词的使用是相当重要的,将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。
a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand,in contrast, on the contrary
b.Transitional words showingaddition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well
现在,是不是感觉清晰很多了呢?也没有那么惧怕综合写作了呢?我相信,只要你掌握了上述四大技巧,综合写作对你来说将不再是个难以跨越的关口。
附:托福小作文万能模板
1. in the lecture, the professor made several points about ...... .the professor argues that..... However, the reading passage contends that ......The professor's lecture casts doubt on the reading by using a number of point that are contrary to....
2. the first point that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is that....According to the professor...... .....differs from the reading in that the reading states.....The point made by the professor casts doubt on the reading becasue....
3. Another point that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is....The professor claims that.....However, the reading states.....This point is contradicted by.....
4. Finally,the professor stated that ,on the contrary of reading,......In other words,.....This directly contradicts what the reading passage indicates,because.....
5. In the lecture, the professor made several points about...The lecture argues that.....The points made by the professor agree with .....In fact, the examples used by the professor support...
6. Furthermore, the professor bolsters the reading by stating that....Theprofessor claims that.....This point agrees with the reading ,which contends that..... e.taisha.org
7.Finally, the professor states that ,in support of the reading,.....Specifically,.....This perfectly reinforced what the reading passageindicats because.

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